Pakistan seeks US support over alleged IWT violations by India

Pakistan is seeking US support to corner India over its construction of two mega hydropower projects which has the potential to alter the water flow inside Pakistan. This step of Pakistan has been taken after the World Bank declared a temporary pause in its legally binding role of mediator in the Indus Water Treaty Arrangements. The Indus Water Treaty was brokered by world bank in 1960 and allotted waters of Indus, Chenab, Jhelum to Pakistan and Ravi, Beas, Sutlej to India. Under the IWT arrangements, India can use waters of rivers allotted to Pakistan on run of the river basis.

US Secretary of State has called for an amicable settlement of the issue through peaceful negotiations.  In October month of 2016, Pakistan has approached World Bank and demanded the appointment of Chairman of the Court of Arbitration to look after the hydropower project construction by India which is alleged by Pakistan to be a violation of the norms of Indus Water Treaty. Pakistan has said that the pause of World Bank is not ethical as it is its legal responsibility to appoint Court of Arbitration according to the Indus Water Treaty.

In yet another arrangement under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor framework, on 29 December, 2015 China Pakistan has jointly declared water security as a combined objective.

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